Esquerra’s main ideological foundations

Esquerra Republicana, founded in 1931, is the oldest political organization in Catalonia still active and its main objective is the achievement of a fairer and more solidarity society, without inequalities between people and territories and considers that the way to do this is to achieve the independence of Catalonia.

Esquerra Republicana proposes building an independent state for the Catalan nation as part of Europe and achieving a fairer and more supportive society without inequalities between people and territories.

Esquerra Republicana defines itself as a non-dogmatic republican, democratic and left-wing party focused on the defence of pluralism, human rights and the rights of people and the environment.

Esquerra Republicana is the principal party on the national left wing and has never depended on political forces from outside the Catalan nation.

 Members of Esquerra Republicana in a demonstration claiming for a Republic based on decent employment.
Members of Esquerra Republicana in a demonstration claiming for a Republic based on decent employment.

Social progress

From an economic and social viewpoint, Esquerra Republicana bases its ideology and political action on defending the interests of the productive sectors and popular classes. Workers, liberal professionals, the self-employed, small and medium-sized companies, farmers, fishermen, etc. are all the basis of the productive economy so intrinsic to a country’s development.

Esquerra Republicana watches out for the productive economy while respecting the individual and collective fruit of work. On the other hand, the speculative and financial economy must be controlled by the State so that they might remain at the service of the productive economy.

In the very difficult situation of the present crisis, it is necessary to maintain the welfare state and to defend the social advances achieved in the 20th century. The welfare state cannot be limited to assistentialism and to managing capitalism, but must also contribute to distributing wealth. The public sector must assume the essential public services in order to compensate the social inequalities and to guarantee the operation of the economy at the service of most of the population.

Esquerra Republicana also defends a change in the model of production and consumption that respects the planet’s ecological limits and is acceptable to all communities living there. Efficiency in the use of energy and natural resources, reduction of waste and the preservation of biodiversity are the basic political goals in the area of sustainable development.

 The first time that Catalan women voted in elections.
The first time that Catalan women voted in elections.


Esquerra Republicana defends the republican form of state because it is the best guarantee for exercising democracy and legitimating power. Democratic quality and participatory democracy form an intrinsic part of republican values.

Esquerra Republicana understands democracy as the permanent commitment to deepen the participation of citizens in the collective decision-making. It is therefore necessary to transform the present representative democracy into a democracy that also has mechanisms for direct participation. The exercise of democracy from the local level is inherent in such goals.

Despite the theoretical recognition of individual rights, broad sectors of society find themselves violated for reasons of sex, sexual orientation, age, disability, illness, language, culture, ethnic group, opinion, religion, nationality or for other reasons. It is therefore necessary to go further in defending the rights of all people against any form of discrimination. Only from equal opportunities for one and all and non-discrimination can a true democracy be built.

 One of the massive demonstrations in favor of the independence of Catalonia.
One of the massive demonstrations in favor of the independence of Catalonia.


Esquerra Republicana proposes the creation of an independent state for the Catalan nation as part of Europe and through the peaceful and democratic exercise of the right to self-determination.

The creation of a state is a necessary tool for maximum economic well-being and social justice for the majority of citizens. In this sense, the tax imbalance between the Catalan nation and the Spanish state and the fact that it is impossible to access the resources produced by the citizens of the Catalan Lands prevent these objectives from being achieved.

The Catalan nation is formed by different political subjects whose historical and social nature, with their own institutions and states of awareness, have meant that they work at different rates. Just as Esquerra Republicana proposes the right of the people of Catalonia to decide to form an independent republic, it also proposes the application of the right to decide to Northern Catalonia and each of the Balearic Islands regarding their adhesion to the future Republic of Catalonia. Esquerra Republicana also defends the creation of a País Valencià state that would end up federating with the other territories in order to form a federal-type republic (Northern Catalonia in France, Valencia Region and Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera).

Faithful to its republican tradition, Esquerra Republicana conceives the Catalan nation as a civic space which bases its bond on its will to be and on the project of a shared future. Therefore, in the case of Catalonia, all people living in Catalonia and who want to be Catalans are considered Catalan, regardless of their place of birth, the language they speak, their family origin, ethnic group or religion.